coverlet.msbuild 6.0.1

The ID prefix of this package has been reserved for one of the owners of this package by NuGet.org. Prefix Reserved
dotnet add package coverlet.msbuild --version 6.0.1
NuGet\Install-Package coverlet.msbuild -Version 6.0.1
This command is intended to be used within the Package Manager Console in Visual Studio, as it uses the NuGet module's version of Install-Package.
<PackageReference Include="coverlet.msbuild" Version="6.0.1">
  <PrivateAssets>all</PrivateAssets>
  <IncludeAssets>runtime; build; native; contentfiles; analyzers</IncludeAssets>
</PackageReference>
For projects that support PackageReference, copy this XML node into the project file to reference the package.
paket add coverlet.msbuild --version 6.0.1
#r "nuget: coverlet.msbuild, 6.0.1"
#r directive can be used in F# Interactive and Polyglot Notebooks. Copy this into the interactive tool or source code of the script to reference the package.
// Install coverlet.msbuild as a Cake Addin
#addin nuget:?package=coverlet.msbuild&version=6.0.1

// Install coverlet.msbuild as a Cake Tool
#tool nuget:?package=coverlet.msbuild&version=6.0.1

Coverlet integration with MSBuild

In this mode, Coverlet doesn't require any additional setup other than including the NuGet package in the unit test project. It integrates with the dotnet test infrastructure built into the .NET Core CLI and when enabled, will automatically generate coverage results after tests are run.

If a property takes multiple comma-separated values please note that you will have to add escaped quotes around the string like this: /p:Exclude=\"[coverlet.*]*,[*]Coverlet.Core*\", /p:Include=\"[coverlet.*]*,[*]Coverlet.Core*\", or /p:CoverletOutputFormat=\"json,opencover\".

To achieve same behavior above using powershell you need to use the verbatim argument marker --% like this:

dotnet test /p:CollectCoverage=true --% /p:CoverletOutputFormat=\"opencover,lcov\"

Code Coverage

Enabling code coverage is as simple as setting the CollectCoverage property to true

dotnet test /p:CollectCoverage=true

After the above command is run, a coverage.json file containing the results will be generated in the root directory of the test project. A summary of the results will also be displayed in the terminal.

Coverage Output

Coverlet can generate coverage results in multiple formats, which is specified using the CoverletOutputFormat property. For example, the following command emits coverage results in the opencover format:

dotnet test /p:CollectCoverage=true /p:CoverletOutputFormat=opencover

Supported Formats:

  • json (default)
  • lcov
  • opencover
  • cobertura
  • teamcity

You can specify multiple output formats by separating them with a comma (,).

The output of the coverage result can be specified using the CoverletOutput property.

dotnet test /p:CollectCoverage=true /p:CoverletOutput='./result.json'

To specify a directory where all results will be written to (especially if using multiple formats), end the value with a /.

dotnet test /p:CollectCoverage=true /p:CoverletOutput='./results/'

Note: escape characters might produce some unexpected results.

status msbuild parameter
:heavy_check_mark: /p:CoverletOutput="C:/GitHub/coverlet/artifacts/Reports/coverlet.core/"
:heavy_check_mark: /p:CoverletOutput="C:\\GitHub\\coverlet\\artifacts\\Reports\\coverlet.core\\"
:heavy_check_mark: /p:CoverletOutput="C:\GitHub\coverlet\artifacts\Reports\coverlet.core\\"
:x: /p:CoverletOutput="C:\GitHub\coverlet\artifacts\Reports\coverlet.core\"

The Coverlet MSBuild task sets the CoverletReport MSBuild item so that you can easily use the produced coverage reports. For example, using ReportGenerator to generate an html coverage report.

<Target Name="GenerateHtmlCoverageReport" AfterTargets="GenerateCoverageResultAfterTest">
  <ReportGenerator ReportFiles="@(CoverletReport)" TargetDirectory="../html-coverage-report" />
</Target>

TeamCity Output

Coverlet can output basic code coverage statistics using TeamCity service messages.

dotnet test /p:CollectCoverage=true /p:CoverletOutputFormat=teamcity

The currently supported TeamCity statistics are:

TeamCity Statistic Key Description
CodeCoverageL Line-level code coverage
CodeCoverageB Branch-level code coverage
CodeCoverageM Method-level code coverage
CodeCoverageAbsLTotal The total number of lines
CodeCoverageAbsLCovered The number of covered lines
CodeCoverageAbsBTotal The total number of branches
CodeCoverageAbsBCovered The number of covered branches
CodeCoverageAbsMTotal The total number of methods
CodeCoverageAbsMCovered The number of covered methods

Merging Results

With Coverlet, you can combine the output of multiple coverage runs into a single result.

dotnet test /p:CollectCoverage=true /p:MergeWith='/path/to/result.json'

The value given to /p:MergeWith must be a path to Coverlet's own json result format. The results in result.json will be read, and added to the new results written to by Coverlet. Check the sample.

Threshold

Coverlet allows you to specify a coverage threshold below which it fails the build. This allows you to enforce a minimum coverage percent on all changes to your project.

dotnet test /p:CollectCoverage=true /p:Threshold=80

The above command will automatically fail the build if the line, branch or method coverage of any of the instrumented modules falls below 80%. You can specify what type of coverage to apply the threshold value to using the ThresholdType property. For example to apply the threshold check to only line coverage:

dotnet test /p:CollectCoverage=true /p:Threshold=80 /p:ThresholdType=line

You can specify multiple values for ThresholdType by separating them with commas. Valid values include line, branch and method. You can do the same for Threshold as well.

dotnet test /p:CollectCoverage=true /p:Threshold=\"80,100,70\" /p:ThresholdType=\"line,branch,method\"

By default, Coverlet will validate the threshold value against the coverage result of each module. The /p:ThresholdStat option allows you to change this behaviour and can have any of the following values:

  • Minimum (Default): Ensures the coverage result of each module isn't less than the threshold
  • Total: Ensures the total combined coverage result of all modules isn't less than the threshold
  • Average: Ensures the average coverage result of all modules isn't less than the threshold

The following command will compare the threshold value with the overall total coverage of all modules:

dotnet test /p:CollectCoverage=true /p:Threshold=80 /p:ThresholdType=line /p:ThresholdStat=total

Excluding From Coverage

Attributes

You can ignore a method, an entire class or assembly from code coverage by creating and applying the ExcludeFromCodeCoverage attribute present in the System.Diagnostics.CodeAnalysis namespace.

You can also ignore additional attributes by using the ExcludeByAttribute property

  • Use single or multiple attributes (separate by comma)
  • Use attribute name, attribute full name or fully qualified name of the attribute type (Obsolete, ObsoleteAttribute, System.ObsoleteAttribute)
dotnet test /p:CollectCoverage=true /p:ExcludeByAttribute="Obsolete,GeneratedCodeAttribute,CompilerGeneratedAttribute"

Source Files

You can also ignore specific source files from code coverage using the ExcludeByFile property

  • Use single or multiple paths (separate by comma)
  • Use file path or directory path with globbing (e.g dir1/*.cs)
dotnet test /p:CollectCoverage=true /p:ExcludeByFile=\"**/dir1/class1.cs,**/dir2/*.cs,**/dir3/**/*.cs\"

Filters

Coverlet gives the ability to have fine grained control over what gets excluded using "filter expressions".

Syntax: /p:Exclude=[Assembly-Filter]Type-Filter

Wildcards

  • * ⇒ matches zero or more characters
  • ? ⇒ the prefixed character is optional

Examples

  • /p:Exclude="[*]*" ⇒ Excludes all types in all assemblies (nothing is instrumented)
  • /p:Exclude="[coverlet.*]Coverlet.Core.Coverage" ⇒ Excludes the Coverage class in the Coverlet.Core namespace belonging to any assembly that matches coverlet.* (e.g coverlet.core)
  • /p:Exclude="[*]Coverlet.Core.Instrumentation.*" ⇒ Excludes all types belonging to Coverlet.Core.Instrumentation namespace in any assembly
  • /p:Exclude="[coverlet.*.tests?]*" ⇒ Excludes all types in any assembly starting with coverlet. and ending with .test or .tests (the ? makes the s optional)
  • /p:Exclude=\"[coverlet.*]*,[*]Coverlet.Core*\" ⇒ Excludes assemblies matching coverlet.* and excludes all types belonging to the Coverlet.Core namespace in any assembly
dotnet test /p:CollectCoverage=true /p:Exclude="[coverlet.*]Coverlet.Core.Coverage"

Coverlet goes a step in the other direction by also letting you explicitly set what can be included using the Include property.

Examples

  • /p:Include="[*]*" ⇒ Includes all types in all assemblies (everything is instrumented)
  • /p:Include="[coverlet.*]Coverlet.Core.Coverage" ⇒ Includes the Coverage class in the Coverlet.Core namespace belonging to any assembly that matches coverlet.* (e.g coverlet.core)
  • /p:Include="[coverlet.*.tests?]*" ⇒ Includes all types in any assembly starting with coverlet. and ending with .test or .tests (the ? makes the s optional)

Both Exclude and Include properties can be used together but Exclude takes precedence. You can specify multiple filter expressions by separting them with a comma (,).

You can also include coverage of the test assembly itself by setting /p:IncludeTestAssembly to true.

Skip auto-implemented properties

Neither track nor record auto-implemented properties. Syntax: /p:SkipAutoProps=true

Instrument module wihtout local sources file

Syntax: /p:InstrumentModulesWithoutLocalSources=true

Methods that do not return

Methods that do not return can be marked with attributes to cause statements after them to be excluded from coverage.

Attributes can be specified with the following syntax. Syntax: /p:DoesNotReturnAttribute="DoesNotReturnAttribute,OtherAttribute"

Note for Powershell / Azure DevOps users

To exclude or include multiple assemblies when using Powershell scripts or creating a .yaml file for an Azure DevOps build %2c should be used as a separator. Msbuild will translate this symbol to ,.

/p:Exclude="[*]*Examples?%2c[*]*Startup"

Azure DevOps builds do not require double quotes to be unescaped:

dotnet test --configuration $(buildConfiguration) --no-build /p:CollectCoverage=true /p:CoverletOutputFormat=cobertura /p:CoverletOutput=$(Build.SourcesDirectory)/TestResults/Coverage/ /p:Exclude="[MyAppName.DebugHost]*%2c[MyAppNamet.WebHost]*%2c[MyAppName.App]*"

Note for Linux users

There is an issue with MSBuild on Linux that affects the ability to escape quotes while specifying multiple comma-separated values. Linux MSBuild automatically translates \ to / in properties, tasks, etc. before using them, which means if you specified /p:CoverletOutputFormat=\"json,opencover\" in an MSBuild script, it will be converted to /p:CoverletOutputFormat=/"json,opencover/" before execution. This yields an error similar to the following:

MSBUILD : error MSB1006: Property is not valid. [/home/vsts/work/1/s/default.proj]
  Switch: opencover/

You'll see this if directly consuming Linux MSBuild or if using the Azure DevOps MSBuild task on a Linux agent.

The workaround is to use the .NET Core dotnet msbuild command instead of using MSBuild directly. The issue is not present in dotnet msbuild and the script will run with correctly escaped quotes.

Coverlet supports SourceLink custom debug information contained in PDBs. When you specify the /p:UseSourceLink=true property, Coverlet will generate results that contain the URL to the source files in your source control instead of local file paths.

Deterministic build

Take a look at documentation for further information. To generate deterministic report the parameter is:

/p:DeterministicReport=true

Exclude assemblies without sources from coverage

The heuristic coverlet uses to determine if an assembly is a third-party dependency is based on the matching of the assembly`s source documents and the corresponding source files. This parameter has three different values to control the automatic assembly exclusion.

Parameter Description
MissingAll Includes the assembly if at least one document is matching. In case the ExcludeAssembliesWithoutSources parameter is not specified the default value is MissingAll.
MissingAny Includes the assembly only if all documents can be matched to corresponding source files.
None No assembly is excluded.

Here is an example of how to specifiy the parameter:

/p:ExcludeAssembliesWithoutSources="MissingAny"
There are no supported framework assets in this package.

Learn more about Target Frameworks and .NET Standard.

This package has no dependencies.

NuGet packages (12)

Showing the top 5 NuGet packages that depend on coverlet.msbuild:

Package Downloads
Rocket.Surgery.Extensions.Testing.Coverlet

Package Description

Corvus.Testing.SpecFlow.NUnit

A metapackage that encapsulates the required dependencies when using Corvus.Testing.SpecFlow and Endjin's standard practises. Also simplifies the dependency management process when using tools like Dependabot.

Dolittle.Common.Specs

Package Description

Corvus.Testing.AzureFunctions.SpecFlow.NUnit

A metapackage that encapsulates the required dependencies when using Corvus.Testing.AzureFunctions.SpecFlow and Endjin's standard practises. Also simplifies the dependency management process when using tools like Dependabot.

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Simple to use CQRS library.

GitHub repositories (260)

Showing the top 5 popular GitHub repositories that depend on coverlet.msbuild:

Repository Stars
App-vNext/Polly
Polly is a .NET resilience and transient-fault-handling library that allows developers to express policies such as Retry, Circuit Breaker, Timeout, Bulkhead Isolation, and Fallback in a fluent and thread-safe manner. From version 6.0.1, Polly targets .NET Standard 1.1 and 2.0+.
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API Support for your favorite torrent trackers
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ML.NET is an open source and cross-platform machine learning framework for .NET.
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The automatic type-safe REST library for .NET Core, Xamarin and .NET. Heavily inspired by Square's Retrofit library, Refit turns your REST API into a live interface.
reactiveui/ReactiveUI
An advanced, composable, functional reactive model-view-viewmodel framework for all .NET platforms that is inspired by functional reactive programming. ReactiveUI allows you to abstract mutable state away from your user interfaces, express the idea around a feature in one readable place and improve the testability of your application.
Version Downloads Last updated
6.0.1 160,018 2/20/2024
6.0.0 9,155,695 5/21/2023
3.2.0 13,416,045 10/29/2022
3.1.2 19,808,295 2/6/2022
3.1.1 530,421 1/30/2022
3.1.0 13,345,893 7/19/2021
3.0.3 10,976,907 2/21/2021
3.0.2 2,430,872 1/24/2021
3.0.1 614,609 1/16/2021
3.0.0 422,911 1/9/2021
2.9.0 18,633,138 5/30/2020
2.8.1 5,493,284 4/2/2020
2.8.0 7,415,422 1/3/2020
2.7.0 5,054,539 9/22/2019
2.6.3 2,632,825 7/1/2019
2.6.2 705,622 6/6/2019
2.6.1 1,193,581 5/8/2019
2.6.0 1,125,601 3/4/2019
2.5.1 2,595,166 1/17/2019
2.5.0 648,071 12/20/2018
2.4.0 998,349 11/28/2018
2.3.2 273,967 11/19/2018
2.3.1 714,412 10/16/2018
2.3.0 818,568 9/7/2018
2.2.1 479,147 8/11/2018
2.1.1 341,243 7/16/2018
2.1.0 156,501 7/6/2018
2.0.1 408,033 6/12/2018
2.0.0 106,092 5/17/2018
1.2.0 111,371 5/2/2018
1.1.1 56,066 4/17/2018
1.1.0 4,992 4/16/2018
1.0.2 47,550 4/2/2018
1.0.1 14,600 3/26/2018
1.0.0 105,754 3/21/2018