SpreadCheetah 1.14.0

dotnet add package SpreadCheetah --version 1.14.0
NuGet\Install-Package SpreadCheetah -Version 1.14.0
This command is intended to be used within the Package Manager Console in Visual Studio, as it uses the NuGet module's version of Install-Package.
<PackageReference Include="SpreadCheetah" Version="1.14.0" />
For projects that support PackageReference, copy this XML node into the project file to reference the package.
paket add SpreadCheetah --version 1.14.0
#r "nuget: SpreadCheetah, 1.14.0"
#r directive can be used in F# Interactive and Polyglot Notebooks. Copy this into the interactive tool or source code of the script to reference the package.
// Install SpreadCheetah as a Cake Addin
#addin nuget:?package=SpreadCheetah&version=1.14.0

// Install SpreadCheetah as a Cake Tool
#tool nuget:?package=SpreadCheetah&version=1.14.0


Nuget GitHub Workflow Status (with event) Codecov

SpreadCheetah is a high-performance .NET library for generating spreadsheet (Microsoft Excel XLSX) files.


  • Performance (see benchmarks below)
  • Low memory allocation (see benchmarks below)
  • Async APIs
  • No dependency to Microsoft Excel
  • Targeting .NET Standard 2.0 (for .NET Framework 4.6.1 and later)
  • Native AOT compatible
  • Free and open source!

SpreadCheetah is designed to create spreadsheet files in a forward-only manner. That means worksheets from left to right, rows from top to bottom, and row cells from left to right. This allows for creating spreadsheet files in a streaming manner, while also keeping a low memory footprint.

Most basic spreadsheet functionality is supported, such as cells with different data types, basic styling, and formulas. More advanced functionality is planned for future releases. See the list of currently supported spreadsheet functionality in the wiki.

See Releases for release notes.

How to install

SpreadCheetah is available as a package on nuget.org. The NuGet package targets .NET Standard 2.0 as well as newer versions of .NET. The .NET Standard 2.0 version is intended for backwards compatibility (.NET Framework and earlier versions of .NET Core). More optimizations are enabled when targeting newer versions of .NET.

Basic usage

using (var spreadsheet = await Spreadsheet.CreateNewAsync(stream))
    // A spreadsheet must contain at least one worksheet.
    await spreadsheet.StartWorksheetAsync("Sheet 1");

    // Cells are inserted row by row.
    var row = new List<Cell>();
    row.Add(new Cell("Answer to the ultimate question:"));
    row.Add(new Cell(42));

    // Rows are inserted from top to bottom.
    await spreadsheet.AddRowAsync(row);

    // Remember to call Finish before disposing.
    // This is important to properly finalize the XLSX file.
    await spreadsheet.FinishAsync();

Other examples

Using the Source Generator

Source Generators is a newly released feature in the C# compiler. SpreadCheetah includes a source generator that makes it easier to create rows from objects. It is used in a similar way to the System.Text.Json source generator:

namespace MyNamespace;

// A plain old C# class which we want to add as a row in a worksheet.
// The source generator will pick the properties with public getters.
// The order of the properties will decide the order of the cells.
public class MyObject
    public string Question { get; set; }
    public int Answer { get; set; }

The source generator will be instructed to generate code by defining a partial class like this:

using SpreadCheetah.SourceGeneration;

namespace MyNamespace;

public partial class MyObjectRowContext : WorksheetRowContext

During build, the type will be analyzed and an implementation of the context class will be created. We can then create a row from an object by calling AddAsRowAsync with the object and the context type as parameters:

await using var spreadsheet = await Spreadsheet.CreateNewAsync(stream);
await spreadsheet.StartWorksheetAsync("Sheet 1");

var myObj = new MyObject { Question = "How many Rings of Power were there?", Answer = 20 };

await spreadsheet.AddAsRowAsync(myObj, MyObjectRowContext.Default.MyObject);

await spreadsheet.FinishAsync();

Here is a peek at part of the code that was generated for this example:

// <auto-generated />
private static async ValueTask AddAsRowInternalAsync(Spreadsheet spreadsheet, MyObject obj, CancellationToken token)
    var cells = ArrayPool<DataCell>.Shared.Rent(2);
        cells[0] = new DataCell(obj.Question);
        cells[1] = new DataCell(obj.Answer);
        await spreadsheet.AddRowAsync(cells.AsMemory(0, 2), token).ConfigureAwait(false);
        ArrayPool<DataCell>.Shared.Return(cells, true);

The source generator can generate rows from classes, records, and structs. It can be used in all supported .NET versions, including .NET Framework, however the C# version must be 8.0 or greater.


The benchmark results here have been collected using BenchmarkDotNet with the following system configuration:

BenchmarkDotNet v0.13.11, Windows 10 (10.0.19045.3803/22H2/2022Update)
Intel Core i5-8600K CPU 3.60GHz (Coffee Lake), 1 CPU, 6 logical and 6 physical cores
.NET SDK 8.0.100
  [Host]             : .NET 8.0.0 (, X64 RyuJIT AVX2
  .NET 6.0           : .NET 6.0.25 (6.0.2523.51912), X64 RyuJIT AVX2
  .NET 8.0           : .NET 8.0.0 (, X64 RyuJIT AVX2
  .NET Framework 4.8 : .NET Framework 4.8.1 (4.8.9181.0), X64 RyuJIT VectorSize=256

InvocationCount=1  UnrollFactor=1  

These libraries have been used in the comparison benchmarks: | Library | Version | |--------------------------------------------------------|--------:| | SpreadCheetah | 1.12.0 | | Open XML SDK | 2.20.0 | | ClosedXML | 0.102.1 | | EPPlusFree | |

Disclaimer: The libraries have different feature sets compared to each other. SpreadCheetah can only create spreadsheets, while the other libraries used in this comparison can also open spreadsheets. SpreadCheetah is also a newer library and has been designed from the ground up to utilize many of the newer performance related features in .NET. The other libraries have longer history and need to take backwards compatibility into account. Keep this in mind when evaluating the results.

The code executed in the benchmark creates a worksheet of 20 000 rows and 10 columns filled with string values. Some of these libraries have multiple ways of achieving the same result, but to make this a fair comparison the idea is to use the most efficient approach for each library. The code is available in the Benchmark project.

.NET Framework 4.8

Library Mean Allocated
SpreadCheetah 65.54 ms 152.23 KB
Open XML (SAX approach) 402.34 ms 43 317.24 KB
EPPlusFree 621.00 ms 286 145.93 KB
Open XML (DOM approach) 1,051.95 ms 161 059.22 KB
ClosedXML 1,310.59 ms 509 205.80 KB

.NET 6

Library Mean Allocated
SpreadCheetah 25.58 ms 6.63 KB
Open XML (SAX approach) 237.28 ms 66 055.02 KB
EPPlusFree 408.78 ms 195 791.84 KB
Open XML (DOM approach) 802.89 ms 182 926.09 KB
ClosedXML 891.17 ms 529 852.29 KB

.NET 8

Library Mean Allocated
SpreadCheetah 23.07 ms 6.44 KB
Open XML (SAX approach) 184.94 ms 66 041.63 KB
EPPlus v4 370.07 ms 195 610.91 KB
Open XML (DOM approach) 700.73 ms 182 916.73 KB
ClosedXML 754.83 ms 529 203.20 KB
Product Compatible and additional computed target framework versions.
.NET net5.0 was computed.  net5.0-windows was computed.  net6.0 is compatible.  net6.0-android was computed.  net6.0-ios was computed.  net6.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net6.0-macos was computed.  net6.0-tvos was computed.  net6.0-windows was computed.  net7.0 is compatible.  net7.0-android was computed.  net7.0-ios was computed.  net7.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net7.0-macos was computed.  net7.0-tvos was computed.  net7.0-windows was computed.  net8.0 is compatible.  net8.0-android was computed.  net8.0-browser was computed.  net8.0-ios was computed.  net8.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net8.0-macos was computed.  net8.0-tvos was computed.  net8.0-windows was computed. 
.NET Core netcoreapp2.0 was computed.  netcoreapp2.1 was computed.  netcoreapp2.2 was computed.  netcoreapp3.0 was computed.  netcoreapp3.1 was computed. 
.NET Standard netstandard2.0 is compatible.  netstandard2.1 was computed. 
.NET Framework net461 was computed.  net462 was computed.  net463 was computed.  net47 was computed.  net471 was computed.  net472 was computed.  net48 was computed.  net481 was computed. 
MonoAndroid monoandroid was computed. 
MonoMac monomac was computed. 
MonoTouch monotouch was computed. 
Tizen tizen40 was computed.  tizen60 was computed. 
Xamarin.iOS xamarinios was computed. 
Xamarin.Mac xamarinmac was computed. 
Xamarin.TVOS xamarintvos was computed. 
Xamarin.WatchOS xamarinwatchos was computed. 
Compatible target framework(s)
Included target framework(s) (in package)
Learn more about Target Frameworks and .NET Standard.

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Version Downloads Last updated
1.14.0 6,687 3/17/2024
1.13.1 10,597 2/27/2024
1.13.0 1,545 2/25/2024
1.12.0 12,380 12/9/2023
1.11.0 45,945 9/2/2023
1.10.0 22,258 6/24/2023
1.9.0 18,079 2/19/2023
1.8.0 6,886 1/14/2023
1.7.0 6,739 11/6/2022
1.6.0 13,794 9/17/2022
1.5.0 8,925 4/23/2022
1.4.0 5,559 6/13/2021
1.3.0 400 2/21/2021
1.2.0 529 11/22/2020
1.1.1 502 10/28/2020
1.1.0 418 10/25/2020
1.0.0 741 9/28/2020